- March 15, 2022
- Posted by: feenixconsultants
- Category: Uncategorized
How Does 5G Technology Work?
The foundation of the 5G standard entails low, medium, and high band spectrum. Note that 5G networks function on various frequencies with sub-6 GHz and millimeter-wave (20-60) GHz at the low and high ends of the spectrum.
The existing LTE networks have been using the sub-6 spectrum; however, the millimeter-wave frequency was previously not being used. Therefore, the 5G networks work by using the millimeter-wave frequency to enhance their faster speeds.
What You Need to Know About 5G Rollouts in the US
Carriers, such as AT&T, Verizon, and T-Mobile, began deploying the network in 2019. However, since the launch, there has been little subscription to 5G because of limited 5G-compatible devices on the market.
The year 2020 was to be the rollout period for 5G technology. However, it has happened in a few countries, especially the developed ones. Although 5G is already here with us, its functionality depends on whether there is an alignment between your location, phone, and network carrier.
According to Verizon’s management, 50% of US citizens will have access to 5G by the end of 2020. However, this expectation will be affected or delayed by the COVID-19 pandemic.
The Top Five Countries by the Number of Cities with 5G
According to one of the latest report by network testing provider VIAVI, South Korea has the highest number of cities with a 5G network, followed by China, the US, the UK, and Saudi Arabia.
The report indicates that in January 2020, there were 5G in 378 cities across 34 countries, and 22% of the cities belonged to South Korea. Note that most of carriers prefer launching the network in major cities where there is a massive population of users.
How fast is 5G?
It is crucial to note that 5G speeds differ between devices, countries, locations, and carriers. However, on average, 5G is faster than the 4G networks. For instance, Verizon in the US provides more than 1Gbps, but their coverage is minimal. Sprint’s mid-band covers a larger area and offers a lower speed within 200Mbps, but it is more potent to 4G LTE speeds.
Why You Should Consider 5G than 4G
Here are the reasons why you should consider using 5G instead of 4G.
- 5G is more capable than 4G
Although 4G LTE was established to deliver faster broadband services than 3G, 5G is the most powerful in broadband experiences and communication. Also, 5G supports all spectrums, bands, and a wide range of deployment models.
- 5G Uses Spectrum Better than 4G
5G is designed to uses spectrums better than 4G. For instance, 5G can support low bands below 1GHz, to mid bands up to 6GHz, to high bands (millimeter wave).
- Higher speed
5G is faster than 4G, and it delivers up to 20Gbps peak data rates and more than 100 Mbps average data rate
- Bigger capacity
When it comes to size, 5G is superior to 4G. Note that 5G is made to support a 100 x increase in traffic and network efficiency.
Where You Can Use 5G
5G is usually used across connected services, such as enhanced mobile broadband, the massive IoT, and mission-critical communications. The following is a description of how it is used in these areas.
- Enhanced mobile broadband
Besides improving the effectiveness of smartphones, 5G comes with immersive experiences like VR and AR, which have a lower cost per bit.
- Mission-Critical Communications
With 5G, industries can be transformed through low-latency links, such as remote control of infrastructure, vehicle, and surgery.
- Massive IoT
Note 5G is capable of connecting a quite number of embedded sensors, and it can scale down data rates, power, and mobility. If you want a network solution characterized by low-cost, then 5G is the way to go.
Major 5G Rollout Concerns
It is expected that 5G will have a huge impact once it is rolled out. According to Consumer Technology Association, 5G will be 100 times faster than 4G. This implies that a document that would take six minutes to download on 4G would take less than four seconds to download on 5G. If you are a Systems Integrator looking to resell and deploy systems to your End User, you shoud ensure you can capture all these commerciall risks in your commercial agreements. Feenix Consultant as your Business Agent and Consultant can help you negotatiate such agreements to ensure you are protected accordingly.
Here is a list of 5G rollout concerns.
- Frequency bands
4G LTE operates below 6GHz, while 5G requires a frequency of up to 300GHz. Although the 5G bands have higher speeds, they carry a lot of capacity. Therefore, for 5G to roll out, wireless carriers have to bid for higher spectrum bands, which are expensive.
- Deployment and coverage concerns
Although 5G is faster than 4G, it requires more infrastructures. Note that 5G antennas support more data but beam out over shorter distances. Therefore, more antennas would have to be installed on buildings. Also, cities will have to install extra repeaters to spread out the wave further.
- Costly to build and buy
Building a network is costly, and carriers will find it hard to raise the money to cater for the cost. It is expected that some carriers may pass the cost to consumers by hiking their service costs.
- Regulations and standards
Government regulations will affect the deployment of the network in different ways. To offer 5G services, you will have to invest in new antennas, base stations, and repeaters.
- Security and privacy issues
The rollout of 5G will have to contend with cyber security threats. With 5G, it would be possible to track anyone close to you using your phone.
Final Thoughts on 5G Rollouts
5G networks refer to the next generation of internet connectivity that will be faster and more dependable on smartphones and other devices. Carriers, such as AT&T, Verizon, and T-Mobile, began deploying the network in 2019. However, since the launch, there has been little subscription to 5G because of limited 5G-compatible devices.
Although 5G is already here with us, its functionality depends on whether there is an alignment between your location, phone, and network carrier.
If you are looking to resell, install and support some of these technologies with your End User, you should ensure you can mitigate the various commercial and legal risks in your frame agreements. We can help you navigate through these hurdles.